Wednesday December 11, 2019

Welcome to GATE America - Gang Training & Education

The G.A.T.E. Program was award the Frederick Milton Thrasher Award by the National Gang Crime Research Center for "Exemplary Programs in Gang Prevention".
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Risk Factors

Many of the risk factors that make it likely that youth will engage in risky behaviors are the opposite of the protective factors that make it likely that a teen will not engage in such behaviors. For example, one risk factor is family management problems. If parents fail to set standards for their teenís behavior, it increases the likelihood that the teen will engage in substance abuse or delinquent behavior. Conversely, a protective factor is effective parenting. If parents consistently provide both nurturing and structure, it increases the likelihood that a teen will not get involved with substance abuse or delinquent behavior and will become involved in positive activities.

Exposure to risk factors in the relative absence of protective factors dramatically increases the likelihood that a young person will engage in problem behaviors. The most effective approach for improving young peopleís lives is to reduce risk factors while increasing protective factors in all of the areas that touch their lives.

Your assessment will disclose indicators of the existence of risk factors in the community. For example, law enforcement data may have revealed high arrest rates for juveniles driving under the influence, and in your survey of middle schools, a large number of youth self-reported binge drinking. These are indicators of several risk factors; e.g., early onset of alcohol abuse and general delinquency.

Risk factors function in a cumulative fashion; that is, the greater the number of risk factors, the greater the likelihood that youth will engage in delinquent or other risky behavior. There is also evidence that problem behaviors associated with risk factors tend to cluster. For example, delinquency and violence cluster with other problems, such as drug abuse, teen pregnancy, and school misbehavior.

Protective Factors

Researchers know less about protective factors than they do about risk factors because fewer studies have been done in this area. However, they believe protective factors operate in three ways. First, they may serve to buffer risk factors, providing a cushion against negative effects. Second, they may interrupt the processes through which risk factors operate. For example, a community program that helps families learn conflict resolution may interrupt a chain of risk factors that lead youth from negative family environments to associate with delinquent peers. Third, protective factors may prevent the initial occurrence of a risk factor, such as child abuse. For example, infants and young children who are easy-going may be protected from abuse by eliciting positive, rather than frustrated, responses from their parents and caregivers.

Risk & Protective Factors GATE - Middle School

  • Community attachment
  • Feelings of self-worth
  • Good peer relations
  • Good Relationships and bonding.
  • Healthy Sense of Self
  • Perception of Social Support from Adults and Peers
  • Perception of Social Support from Adults and Peers
  • Personal Safety: Prevention
  • Positive Interaction with Law Enforcement
  • Positive Neighborhood attachment
  • Positive Peer group activities and norms.
  • Positive Peer Interaction
  • Positive Peer Relationships
  • Positive Resilient Temperament
  • Prevention of Alcohol, Tobacco and Other Drug Use
  • Problem solving & decision making
  • Resiliency and Positive Temperament
  • Rewards for pro-social behavior
  • Safe Healthy environment
  • Social Competencies & Problem Solving
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